International maritime law is a set of rules governing relations between nations in connection with their marine activities, and in particular, by establishing the legal status and appropriate use of maritime space for the purpose of the peaceful use of this space and the resources within it. Maritime trade was the basis for the establishment of rules of law within the sphere of navigation. The laws developed as a result of a conflict with the local maritime customs and with piracy on the high seas. It forced ship-owners and merchants to meet and form some normal course of relations. In seaports, these customs reflected the interactions between the ship owners and the merchants, captains and crews of vessels.
THE MODERN LAW OF THE SEA
Modern international maritime law is used to regulate the relationships between nations of various socio-economic systems because of the sovereign equality of all nations, their mutual respect and peaceful coexistence. The basic rules of modern international maritime law were formulated during activity of the First, Second and Third United Nations Conferences on Maritime Law.
Text and images are from Man and the Ocean, a CD-ROM produced by the Russian Head Department of Navigation and Oceanography (HDNO).
The office coordinates the agency’s exploration efforts and facilitates research expeditions. Most cruises to date have been multidisciplinary endeavors conducted in conjunction with such organizations as Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Harbor Branch Oceanographic Institution, and many academic institutions.