International maritime law is a set of rules governing relations between nations in connection with their marine activities, and in particular, by establishing the legal status and appropriate use of maritime space for the purpose of the peaceful use of this space and the resources within it. Maritime trade was the basis for the establishment of rules of law within the sphere of navigation. The laws developed as a result of a conflict with the local maritime customs and with piracy on the high seas. It forced ship-owners and merchants to meet and form some normal course of relations. In seaports, these customs reflected the interactions between the ship owners and the merchants, captains and crews of vessels.
THE MODERN LAW OF THE SEA
Modern international maritime law is used to regulate the relationships between nations of various socio-economic systems because of the sovereign equality of all nations, their mutual respect and peaceful coexistence. The basic rules of modern international maritime law were formulated during activity of the First, Second and Third United Nations Conferences on Maritime Law.
Text and images are from Man and the Ocean, a CD-ROM produced by the Russian Head Department of Navigation and Oceanography (HDNO).
TEMPERATURE AND SALINITY DATA FOR THE WORLD'S OCEANS Argo is an international project to collect information on the upper part of the world's oceans. Currently there are 1500 ocean-traveling float instruments operating. By 2006 there will be 3000 floats producing 100,000 temperature and salinity profiles per year. Applications include: ocean heat storage and climate change; ocean salinity changes due to rainfall; ocean-driven events such as El NiÃ±o; impacts of ocean temperature on fisheries and regional ecosystems; interactions between the ocean and monsoons; and how the oceans drive hurricanes and typhoons.