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|Fisheries use natural renewable resources and other resources as raw material on which the sector depends. Renewable resources include aquatic species, land and water. Other resources are artificially generated, such as hatchery-produced seeds, feeds and fertilizers. Human and financial resources for the sector are obviously important but not addressed in this section. Fisheries resources are finite and the sector needs to compete for them with other types of uses. |
Capture fisheries resources are usually considered, used and managed on a stock-by-stock basis. They are impacted by fisheries as well as other polluting and degrading economic activities. The state of marine resources have raised concern as about 28% of them are more or less seriously overfished (based on 1999 data). The state of inland capture fisheries is poorly known but is likely to deserve equal concern in most regions and reflect a much greated environmental impact.
Aquaculture resources comprise a wide variety of animal and plant species such as finfish; shrimp, prawns and crabs; clams, oysters and mussels as well as seaweeds and other aquatic plants for both use and production. The most harvested species in recent years have been the Pacific Oyster (Crassostrea gigas) and the Silver Carp (Hypophthalimichthys molitrix).
While it is usually advisable to use local species, introduced (or alien) species are responsible for approximately 17 percent of the world's finfish production. The resulting impacts of introduced species are social, environmental and economic in nature. Genetic resources are the foundation on which species, stocks and genetically-improved strains are based.
The culture of several important species still relies on the collection of brood stock or seed from natural populations (e.g. for shrimp culture). Aquafeed resources production is one of the fastest expanding agricultural industries in the world, with growth rates in excess of 30 percent per year. The general state of world aquaculture reveals growth at ten percent per year since the late 1980s compared to 3% for livestock for the same period and a quarter of the fish eaten in the world now comes from aquaculture which produced close to 40 million tonnes in 1998.
|Title||Field Guide of Shark and Rays of the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden
( BOOK )
|Author(s) / Editor(s)|| Bonfil, R.; Abdallah, M.|
|Description||This volume presents a fully illustrated field guide for the identification of the sharks and rays most relevant to the fisheries of the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden. An extensive literature review and two field surveys in the region were carried out for the preparation of this document. A total of 49 sharks and 45 batoids reliably reported for the region are listed and those common in the fisheries or likely to be found through fishing operations are fully treated (44 sharks and 33 batoids). Included here are the first confirmed reports for the region of Hemigaleus microstoma, Carcharhinus dussumieri, Aetomylaeus vespertilio, Himantura fai, Mobula japanica and an undescribed Dasyatis sp. The guide includes sections on technical terms and measurements for sharks and batoids, and fully illustrated keys to those orders and families that occur in the region. Each species account includes: at least one annotated illustration of the species highlighting its relevant identification characters; basic information on nomenclature, synonyms and possible misidentifications; FAO, common and local names; basic information on size, habitat and biology, importance to fisheries, and distribution. Colour plates for a large number of the species are included.|
|Keywords|| SHARK; RAYS; GUIDE; IDENTIFICATION|
|Geography Keywords|| RED SEA; GULF OF ADEN|
|Web Address||ftp://ftp.fao.org/fi/doc ... 80e00.pdf|
|Type of Book|| Book|
|Publication Location||Rome (Italy)|
|Publication Date||June 2004|
|Related to Topics||Western Indian Ocean
(1001); FAO fisheries publications
(figis12301); Fishery resources
(15129); Fishes, Mollusks and Crustaceans
(2373); Fishery Resources
(figis2681); Area 51: Indian Western
(3117); Capture Fisheries Resources
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