Catadromous Species

Catadromous species are species, such as eels, which reproduce in the sea but spend most of their lives in fresh water. The United Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) extends the rules it established for anadromous species to catadromous species. Coastal States in whose waters such species spend the greater part of their life cycle have overall management responsibility for them and shall ensure their ingress and egress (Article 67). Fishing for such species on the exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is regulated by the general rules governing fishing in the EEZ. Where catadromous species migrate through the waters of more than one state, coastal states through whose EEZs such species migrate are to co-operate with regard to conservation and management of these species with the State in whose waters the species spend the greater part of their life cycle, but management responsibilities rest with the coastal state in whose waters they spend the greater part of their life cycles. Fishing for catadromous on the high seas is prohibited (Article 67).
 
To date no examples of 'co-operative arrangements' (Article 67) appear to have been established. As a matter of fact, the management of these species has never raised many problems.
 

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