Offshore Wind Energy

Abstract

After several decades of theoretical developments, desk studies, experimental wind turbines, and prototype windfarms, the first large-scale commercial developments of offshore windfarms are now being built. To support this, a number of partners from a wide range of fields have produced a state-of-the-art review of the current situation, with this article drawing heavily on the information gathered, but crafted to provide a slightly more global view. The complete report is also available online at the website of Concerted Action on Offshore Windenergy in Europe , a project funded by the European Commission.

Introduction

Offshore wind farms promise to become an important source of energy in the near future: it is expected that by the end of this decade, wind parks with a total capacity of thousands of megawatts will be installed in shallow seas across the world. It is likely that the initial developments will continue to be in Europe, but North America and Japan are also now showing interest and developing plans for very large-scale offshore windfarms. These developments will be equivalent to several large traditional coal-fired power stations. Plans are currently advancing for such large-scale wind parks in Swedish, Danish, German, Dutch, Belgian, British, Irish, as well as U.S. and Canadian waters and the first such parks are currently being constructed at Horns Rev, off Denmark's western coast and Rødsand, in the Danish part of the Baltic coast.

Authors

Main Author: Andrew R. Henderson, Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands, A.Henderson@CiTG.TUDelft.nl, Acknowledgements to: Colin Morgan, Garrad Hassan & Partners Ltd, United Kingdom, Bernie Smith, John Brown Hydrocarbons Ltd, United Kingdom, Hans C. Sørensen, Energi & Miljoe Undersoegelser (EMU), Denmark, Rebecca Barthelmie, Risø National Laboratory, Denmark, Bart Boesmans, Tractebel Energy Engineering, Belgium

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