Training, Education and Mutual Assistance (TEMA) programme of IOC

Training, Education and Mutual Assistance (TEMA) is a strategy that has been adopted by the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO in support of the IOC's commitment to Capacity Building (CB), as mandated in chapter 17 of the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development's (UNCED) Agenda 21. Capacity refers to to the ability of a region, nation, and/or community to implement laws, policies and programs. There are different types of capacity, all of which are fundamental to effective and productive governance: legal and administrative capacity, financial capacity, technical capacity, and human resources capacity (NOAA, 2003). Human resource capacity building involves the development of local expertise: on site education and training of managers, users and policy makers to the sustainable exploitation and governance of their marine resources. The mechanisms by which CB & TEMA operate include: training programs, workshops, UNESCO Chairs and grants.
 
The structure and nature of TEMA within the IOC has taken different forms, reflecting the wishes of IOC-UNESCO member states. Initially, TEMA was an IOC programme, however, in recent years TEMA program elements have become aspects of each of the IOC section's programs. Accordingly, the Ocean Sciences, Ocean Services and Operational Observing Systems sections all have responsibilities to TEMA objectives. Recently, a new section was created to focus on CB & TEMA. Pending approval by the General Conference of UNESCO (October, 2003), TEMA is moving towards becoming, once again, a programmatic Main Line of Action.
 

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